August 19 2022 — Mohammad Mosaddegh (16 June 1882 – 5 March 1967) was an author, administrator, lawyer, and parliamentarian, who was elected as the prime minister of Iran in 1951. His administration introduced a wide range of progressive social and political reforms, notably the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. His government was overthrown in a coup d’état orchestrated by the British MI6 and the American CIA. Follow us on Twitter: @INTEL_TODAY
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The 1953 coup against Iran P.M. Mohammad Mosaddegh
In 2013, the CIA publicly admitted for the first time that it was behind the notorious 1953 coup against Iran’s democratically elected prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, in documents that also show how the British government tried to block the release of information about its own involvement in his overthrow.
On the 60th anniversary of an event often invoked by Iranians as evidence of western meddling, the US national security archive at George Washington University published a series of declassified CIA documents.
“The military coup that overthrew Mosaddegh and his National Front cabinet was carried out under CIA direction as an act of US foreign policy, conceived and approved at the highest levels of government,” reads a previously excised section of an internal CIA history titled The Battle for Iran.
The documents, published on the archive’s website under freedom of information laws, describe in detail how the US – with British help – engineered the coup, codenamed TPAJAX by the CIA and Operation Boot by Britain’s MI6.
Britain, and in particular Sir Anthony Eden, the foreign secretary, regarded Mosaddegh as a serious threat to its strategic and economic interests after the Iranian leader nationalised the British Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, latterly known as BP.
But the UK needed US support. The Eisenhower administration in Washington was easily persuaded. [The Guardian]
US officials have previously expressed regret about the coup but have fallen short of issuing an official apology. The British government has never acknowledged its role.
64 Years Later, CIA Details Long-Hidden Role in Iran Coup
The quiet release of long-awaited and long-hidden CIA documents offers key details on how the U.S. and Britain overthrew Iran’s democratic government in 1953, says the National Security Archives’ Malcolm Byrne.
Coup 53 – Official Trailer
Coup 53 is a 2019 British documentary about the 1953 Iranian coup d’état to overthrow Iranian prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, co-written and directed by Taghi Amirani and co-written and edited by Walter Murch.
Central to the documentary is a series of clips in which actor Ralph Fiennes reads from a transcript of an interview MI6 agent Norman Darbyshire gave to the Granada TV in 1985.
In this documentary — End of Empire — Darbyshire rashly asserted that Operation TP AJAX was effectively being run by the British.
Coup 53 concludes that his appearance was cut at MI6’s insistence but the transcript survived.
In mid-September 2020, Coup 53 was pulled from its digital distribution platforms… Due to an archive licensing issue.
Coup 53 became available again on digital platforms on 18 December 2020 after ITV granted a new archive license, conditional on 17 specific amendments to the film.
CIA admits role in 1953 Iranian coup — The Guardian
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