On This Day — The Greatest False Flag Attack of All Time (The Saint Nazaire Raid – March 28 1942) [False Flag Ops & International Humanitarian Law]

“It’s very painful… I see a lot of poverty. I see a lot of spiritual poverty. This is a nation that has been deceived and abused. And you can’t be a happy people when your reality is based on deception… we’re causing incredible harm to countries like Syria and Iraq and Afghanistan… but the other side of the sword is cutting us.”

Christopher Lee Bollyn

“The disparity between historical reality and the description of history in books and newspapers can lead our youth only to lack of belief, to cynicism, whereas we need belief, but real belief can be based only on the truth.”

Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko — Open Letter (New York Times – February 17 1974)

“Governments lie. They do it all the time. And, much as we’d like to believe otherwise, the US government is no exception. There were times when we may have believed otherwise. But after Vietnam and Watergate, we know better.”

Ted Koppel, “The USS Vincennes: Public War, Secret War.” — July 1, 1992, ABC News

The Saint Nazaire Raid: Operation Chariot

March 28 2020 — The St Nazaire Raid — also known as  Operation Chariot — was a British amphibious attack on the heavily defended Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France during the Second World War. The operation — often called The Greatest Raid of All — was undertaken by the Royal Navy and British Commandos under the auspices of Combined Operations Headquarters on March 28, 1942. Follow us on Twitter: @INTEL_TODAY

RELATED POST: On This Day — Enigma Machine Captured (May 9 1941)

RELATED POST: Alan Turing – Remembering the life of a genius [23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954]

RELATED POST: Key figures in UK Sigint: Conel Hugh O’Donel Alexander

RELATED POST: Disinformation — Who Coined That Word Anyway?

RELATED POST: Two Years Ago — International Law and Cyber Warfare. From the Tallinn Manual to a Digital Geneva Convention?

False Flag Ops & International Humanitarian Law

The term “false flag” originally referred to pirate ships. Today, “false flags” describe covert operations — conducted both in peacetime and wartime — which are designed to deceive and confuse the enemy. And it is not rare that a government relies on a false flag operation to deceive it own people.

Surprisingly, “false flag” operations are not illegal under International Humanitarian Law [IHL], also referred to as the laws of armed conflict.

In land and naval warfare, such deceptions are considered permissible provided the deception is not perfidious; which means that the deception must cease before opening fire upon the enemy.

The trial of Otto Skorzeny by a U.S. military tribunal at the Dachau confirmed this interpretation. During Operation Greif, Skorzeny had ordered his men to wear American uniforms.

In air warfare, Customary IHL forbids false exterior marks on military aircrafts. These marks must indicate the military character and the true nationality of the aircraft.

Amazingly, there is still no “Geneva Convention” regulating Cyber warfare. How does International Humanitarian Law apply to cyber operations? Where are the red lines? What happens when those lines are crossed?

There are simply no internationally accepted answers to these questions. Perhaps, the next pandemic — spreading a virus a different kind — will force world leaders to consider the necessity of a Geneva Convention on Cyber-Warfare?

The St Nazaire Raid — March 28 1942

“At 01:28, with the convoy 1 mile from the dock gates,  Lieutenant Commander Stephen Halden Beattie ordered the German flag lowered and the White Ensign raised.”

St Nazaire was targeted because the loss of its dry dock would force any large German warship in need of repairs, such as Tirpitz, sister ship of Bismarck, to return to home waters by running the gauntlet of the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy and other British forces, via the English Channel or the GIUK (acronym for Greenland, Iceland, and the United Kingdom) gap.

The obsolete destroyer HMS Campbeltown, accompanied by 18 smaller craft, crossed the English Channel to the Atlantic coast of France and was rammed into the Normandie dock gates.

The ship had been packed with delayed-action explosives, well-hidden within a steel and concrete case, that detonated later that day, putting the dock out of service for the remainder of the war and up to five years afterwards.

A force of commandos landed to destroy machinery and other structures. German gunfire sank, set ablaze or immobilised virtually all the small craft intended to transport the commandos back to England.

The commandos fought their way through the town to escape overland but many surrendered when they ran out of ammunition or were surrounded by the Wehrmacht defending Saint-Nazaire.

Of the 611 men who undertook the raid, 228 returned to Britain, 169 were killed and 215 became prisoners of war. German casualties were over 360 dead, some of whom were killed after the raid when Campbeltown exploded.

To recognise their bravery, 89 members of the raiding party were awarded decorations, including five Victoria Crosses.

After the war, St Nazaire was one of 38 battle honours awarded to the Commandos.

The operation has been called The Greatest Raid of All within British military circles. (Wikipedia)

The Greatest Raid of All Time: The attack on St. Nazaire

REFERENCES

St Nazaire Raid — Wikipedia

=

On This Day — The Greatest False Flag Attack of All Time (The Saint Nazaire Raid – March 28 1942)

On This Day — The Greatest False Flag Attack of All Time (The Saint Nazaire Raid – March 28 1942) [False Flag Ops & International Humanitarian Law]

This entry was posted in False Flag Attack and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s