“The group, which called itself the Revolutionary Command Council, was motivated by the ideology of Arab socialism modeled by Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser. Within a short time, a young officer named Muammar Qadhafi emerged as a leader of the group, and he would rule Libya for the next 40 years.”
CIA Website — Fall of the Libyan Monarchy
“For this reason there is some basis for considering that the new Libyan junta’s strong expressions of friendship for the U.S. are sincere and not simply a tactical maneuver.”
MEMORANDUM FOR MR. HENRY KISSINGER (Sept. 9 1969)
September 1 2020 — On 1 September 1969, King Idris I, the first and only King of Libya, was deposed. To commemorate the event, the CIA has released a series of documents which cover major developments related to the coup, including US reaction. Follow us on Twitter: @INTEL_TODAY
Lockerbie — Three Decades of Lies: J’Accuse…!
QUICK NOTE — To make it easier for the readers to retrieve various chapters of my book, I have created a special page “Lockerbie” where all the links to the chapters will be listed with a brief description. You can access that page directly as it appears at the far right of the top bar of this blog.
Lockerbie — Three Decades of Lies: J’Accuse…!
RELATED POST: One Year Ago — Libyan Nuke Program Was CIA-MI6 Sting Op
UPDATE (September 1 2020) — When I heard in November 1991 that the US and the UK were blaming Libya for the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie (December 21 1988), I knew at once that something had gone terribly wrong….
Indeed, in 1988, Gaddafi had only one thing on his mind. To commemorate the 20th anniversary of his revolution, the Libyan leader wanted to organize a sumptuous party.
And, of course, that implied that Libya had to behave very well on the international scene in order to ensure that world leaders would show up for the event.
Mutatis mutandis, the same logic applies to Iran, as the country was about to celebrate the 10th-years anniversary of the Islamic Republic. (April 1, 1979)
Three decades later, I am absolutely convinced that neither Libya nor Iran is responsible for the Lockerbie tragedy.
END of UPDATE
The Nixon administration believed that Washington need not be overly distressed by the coup and felt the US could have a working relationship with the new regime.
Also discussed in the documents is Libya’s intention to honor treaty obligations regarding Wheelus Air Base, a major US Air Force installation in Libya that supported Mediterranean operations.
One document — MEMORANDUM FOR MR. HENRY KISSINGER (Sept. 9 1969) — reveals that the CIA did not see the Coup coming and expected a friendly relationship with the new leader of Libya.
“The impenetrability of Libyan society is highlighted by the surprise the coup was to us and also to the British — who since World War II have been primarily responsible for training an developing the Libyan army.
It was, of course, also a complete surprise to everyone in Libya’s far—flung ruling class, and apparently also to the USSR, Egypt, and the other Arab states.
Libya does not accept military attaches, and until recently we had only ACSI coverage from Wheelus on a restricted level.
Our contacts over the years with Libyan officers have been through the MAAG, which by its terms of reference does not have an intelligence function.
Reportage on the coup’s planning was made difficult also because of the level at which the planning was carried on.
With the exception of its putative leader, a lieutenant colonel, most of the RCC representatives with whom we have been in touch rank no higher than first lieutenant or captain.
Very little was known about the attitudes of Libya’s junior officers—-their contacts with foreigners were strictly limited—-and their movement short—circuited the generation of command from which we expected the challenge to the regime would come.
We know, however, that through the years a large number of Libyan military officers have received some training in the U.S.
They have almost uniformly been deeply and favorably impressed by their experience in America.
For this reason there is some basis for considering that the new Libyan junta’s strong expressions of friendship for the U.S. are sincere and not simply a tactical maneuver.”
I guess the CIA psychics — Remote Viewers — were not yet at the top of their game in those days. Or maybe, their predictions were “thwarted by the butterfly effect” ?
Eventually, the FULLER MEMORANDUM turned Libya into an easy ‘culprit’ for all the crimes the US and some of its European allies did not wish to really solve.
The Lockerbie Affair is of course a case in point.
Moammar Gadhafi Comes To Power – 1969 | Today in History | 1 Sept 16
AP Archives — The new Libyan leader, Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi reveals his aims of the revolution at a mass rally.
Fall of the Libyan Monarchy — CIA Website
Fifty Years Ago — The Fall of the Libyan Monarchy (September 1st 1969)
On This Day — The Fall of the Libyan Monarchy (September 1st 1969)