“Mr Anderson’s report demonstrates how the bulk powers contained in the Investigatory Powers Bill are of crucial importance to our security and intelligence agencies. These powers often provide the only means by which our agencies are able to protect the British public from the most serious threats that we face.”
Prime Minister Theresa May
“The UK now has a surveillance law that is more suited to a dictatorship than a democracy. The state has unprecedented powers to monitor and analyse UK citizens’ communications regardless of whether we are suspected of any criminal activity.”
Jim Killock — Executive director of Open Rights Group
David Anderson Q.C. — Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation–has just published the : “REPORT OF THE BULK POWERS REVIEW”. Follow us on Twitter: @INTEL_TODAY
UPDATE — On 16 November 2016 the House of Lords approved the final version of the Investigatory Powers Bill. The Queen signified her royal assent to the Investigatory Powers Act 2016 on 29 November 2016. Its different parts come into force on various dates from 30 December 2016.
The Act legalizes a whole range of tools for snooping and hacking by the security services unmatched by any other country in western Europe or even the US.
The Investigatory Powers Act legalizes powers that the security agencies and police had been using for years without making this clear to either the public or parliament.
In October , the investigatory powers tribunal, the only court that hears complaints against MI6, MI5 and GCHQ, ruled that they had been unlawfully collecting massive volumes of confidential personal data without proper oversight for 17 years. [Guardian]
Renate Samson, the chief executive of Big Brother Watch, said:
“The passing of the investigatory powers bill has fundamentally changed the face of surveillance in this country. None of us online are now guaranteed the right to communicate privately and, most importantly, securely.”
END of UPDATE
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Bulk interception involves the harvesting of large quantities of data from the internet and emails. Anderson backed three kinds of bulk data acquisition:
Bulk interception: The tapping of internet cables by GCHQ to target suspects outside the UK. The review says this is of “vital utility” to the security and intelligence agencies, citing the case of a kidnapping in Afghanistan that would have led to the killing of hostages, if spies had not used these powers.
Bulk acquisition of communications data: The gathering of data about communications but not the content of it. [disclosed publicly in November last year]
Bulk personal data sets: Databases of personal information, which could include everything from the electoral register to supermarket loyalty schemes, which the security services acquire openly or covertly.
However, Anderson expressed some reservations about a fourth practice:
Bulk equipment interference, which involves hacking into smart phones or computers over “a large geographical area”.
GCHQ Bulk Data Collection ‘Not Surveillance’ – Parl. Committee
Internet spying powers backed by review
REPORT OF THE BULK POWERS REVIEW
UK: Bulk Spying Powers Backed by Independent Reviewer
One Year Ago — UK: Bulk Spying Powers Backed by Independent Reviewer