80 Years Ago — President Roosevelt Orders Internment of Japanese Americans (February 19 1942)

“The truth is — as this deplorable experience proves — that constitutions and laws are not sufficient of themselves…Despite the unequivocal language of the Constitution of the United States that the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, and despite the Fifth Amendment’s command that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law, both of these constitutional safeguards were denied by military action under Executive Order 9066.”

Former Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark — “Executive Order 9066: The Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans”

February 19, 2022 — On February 19 1942, US President Roosevelt signed executive order 9066 which allowed regional military commanders to designate “military areas” from which any or all persons may be excluded. Follow us on Twitter: @INTEL_TODAY

RELATED POST: Remembering Hiroshima (August 6 1945)

RELATED POST: On This Day — Russia Spy Richard Sorge Arrested in Tokyo (October 18 1941)

RELATED POST: On This Day — John Keats : “When I Have Fears” (January 30 1818)

RELATED POST: On This Day — Einstein Letter to FDR (October 11 1939)

Senator Inouye with President John F. Kennedy in 1962

***** ***** *****

I wish to dedicate this post to the memory of US Senator Daniel Ken Inouye, who was elected the first U.S. Representative for the State of Hawaii.

At the swearing ceremony, speaker of the house Sam Raybrurn asked him to raise his right hand and say:

“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help me God.”

Everyone knew that Inouye had lost his right hand fighting the Nazis in Italy. [Assault on Colle Musatello, April 21 1945] Inouye ignored the insult, raised his left hand, and took the oath…

***** ***** *****

This authority was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the West Coast, including all of California and parts of Oregon, Washington, and Arizona, except for those in government camps.

Of 127,000 Japanese Americans living in the continental United States at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, 112,000 resided on the West Coast.

About 80,000 were Nisei (literal translation: “second generation”; American-born Japanese with U.S. citizenship) and Sansei (“third generation”; the children of Nisei). The rest were Issei (“first generation”) immigrants born in Japan who were ineligible for U.S. citizenship under U.S. law.

The United States Census Bureau assisted the internment efforts by spying and providing confidential neighborhood information on Japanese Americans. The Bureau denied its role for decades, but it became public in 2007.

In 1944, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the removal by ruling against Fred Korematsu’s appeal for violating an exclusion order. The Court limited its decision to the validity of the exclusion orders, avoiding the issue of the incarceration of U.S. citizens without due process.

In 1980, under mounting pressure from the Japanese American Citizens League and redress organizations, President Jimmy Carter opened an investigation to determine whether the decision to put Japanese Americans into concentration camps had been justified by the government.

He appointed the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) to investigate the camps. The Commission’s report, titled Personal Justice Denied, found little evidence of Japanese disloyalty at the time and concluded that the incarceration had been the product of racism. It recommended that the government pay reparations to the internees.

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 which apologized for the internment on behalf of the U.S. government and authorized a payment of $20,000 (equivalent to $42,000 in 2018) to each camp survivor.

The legislation admitted that government actions were based on “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.”

“We are specifically apologizing for wrongs that were committed on this floor. We are apologizing for what we have done.”

California Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (Feb. 20 2020)

Better late than never…

The California State Assembly has formally apologized for its role in the detention.

Two internment camps were in California: Manzanar on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada and Tule Lake near the Oregon state line. The Tule Lake was the largest of all these camps.

The resolution, introduced by State Assemblyman Al Muratsuchi on January 28 2020, was unanimously approved by the Assembly’s judiciary committee on February 6 2020.

On February 20 2020, the Assembly unanimously passed the resolution, one day after the Day of Remembrance, which commemorates Mr. Roosevelt’s signing the internment order in 1942.

The resolution reads:

“The California Legislature apologizes to all Americans of Japanese ancestry for its past actions in support of the unjust inclusion, removal, and incarceration of Japanese-Americans during World War II, and for its failure to support and defend the civil rights and civil liberties of Japanese-Americans during this period.”

Japanese American Internment During WWII

REFERENCES

Internment of Japanese Americans — Wikipedia

=

80 Years Ago — President Roosevelt Orders Internment of Japanese Americans (February 19 1942)

This entry was posted in Japanese Americans and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to 80 Years Ago — President Roosevelt Orders Internment of Japanese Americans (February 19 1942)

  1. ‘no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law’

    Trial by media and sensationalism isn’t a big thing over there then?

    Process of law my arse!

    We all know MK Ultra is being used on a massive scale by media and officials in the UK too.
    Only a matter of time before prosecutions start. After all, MI5 were sued for this kind of stuff.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s